Equivalent Air Depth (EAD)
Calculator for Nitrox
Warning: This EAD calculator is for aiding in the
calculation of decompression obligations when diving using Nitrox.
It is not suitable for calculating narcotic effects and decompression
requirements when using Trimix or Heliox.
Disclaimer: I take no responsibility for the accuracy of the
calculations and data below. Always verify against other sources.
This calculator can be used to find the equivalent air depth (EAD)
in metres and feet of the provided fraction of oxygen (FO_{2})
at various planned diving depths in metres when using Enriched Air Nitrox.
Just enter values for "Fraction of Oxygen (FO_{2})"
and "Planned Depth" and click on the "Submit" button.
Diving a Fraction of Oxygen (FO_{2}) of .36 or 36%  EAN36 
(i.e. a Fraction of Nitrogen (FN_{2}) of 0.64 or 64%)
at a Planned Depth of 27 metres (88.6 feet)
your Equivalent Air Depth (EAD) rounding deeper is:
20.0 metres
in imperial units:
66 feet
Disclaimer:
This calculator provides information about gas use in scuba diving.
UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES is there any implication
that any gas mixture is safe or even life supporting at any depth.
If you have not recived training in technical scuba diving,
Nitrox, Trimix or Heliox you should not attempt
to use any of these results. Improper use of gasses in diving
can result in injury or DEATH.
Explanation
We have to know our maximum operating depth (MOD) when we dive
using Enriched Air Nitrox (EAN) breathing gas mixtures that contain
Nitrogen (N_{2}) and Oxygen (O_{2}) in different
proportions to those in air. Such mixtures are known as Enriched
Air Nitrox (EAN), or more commonly, Nitrox.
If we have access to Nitrox tables there is not that much more to think about.
However, if we only have air tables we have to calculate the
equivalent air depth (EAD) in order to be able to determine
the approximate decompression requirements for the dive.
The equivalent air depth (EAD) for a given Nitrox mix and planned diving depth,
is the depth of a dive when breathing air (i.e. FO_{2} = .21,
O_{2}% = 21%, EAN21) that would have the same
partial pressure of nitrogen (ppN_{2}).
Formulas
To calculate the equivalent air depth (EAD) using Nitrox for a specific FO_{2}
and planned diving depth, the following formulas are used:
Metric  metres
EAD (m) = ((Depth + 10) x (FN_{2} / 0.79))  10
In which Depth is the planned diving depth in metres,
FN_{2} is decimal value of the fraction of nitrogen in the mixture
and 0.79 is the FN_{2} in air. For Nitrox, the decimal value
of the fraction of nitrogen in the mixture (FN_{2}) is
1  FO_{2}, the decimal value of the fraction of oxygen in the mixture.
For example, if a gas contains 36% oxygen and the planned depth is 27 metres,
the EAD (m) is [(27 + 10) x ((1  .36) / 0.79)]  10) = 20 metres.
Imperial  feet
EAD (ft) = ((Depth + 33) x (FN_{2} / 0.79))  33
In which Depth is the planned diving depth in feet,
FN_{2} is decimal value of the fraction of nitrogen in the mixture
and 0.79 is the FN_{2} in air. For Nitrox, the decimal value
of the fraction of nitrogen in the mixture (FN_{2}) is
1  FO_{2}, the decimal value of the fraction of oxygen in the mixture.
For example, if a gas contains 36% oxygen and the planned depth is 89 feet,
the EAD (ft) is [(89 + 33) x ((1  .36) / 0.79)]  33) = 66 feet.
Last modified:
Friday, 18 February 2011
